YURIY O. NALAPKO, M.D., Ph.D.
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Autism spectrum disorder, ASD, formerly known as children's autism, is a common mental development disorder. It occurs in infancy or childhood and is characterized by a persistent lack of ability to start and maintain the social interactions and personal connections, limited interests and often recurring behavioral actions. The main characteristic of ASD is a permanent deficit in social communication and social interaction. The causes of autism are closely related to genes that affect the maturation of synaptic connections in the brain. The genetics of the disease is quite complicated. According to data from the United States, in 2011-2012, autism and ASD were officially diagnosed in 2% of schoolchildren, which is much higher compared to 1.2% in 2007.
With autism, changes are noted in many parts of the brain. Usually, parents notice signs of frustration during the first two years of a child's life. It is important to emphasize that this is not a mental illness, but an inborn violation of the mental development. Due to the high prevalence of children diagnosed with ASD worldwide, this topic is being intensively investigated.
The main methods of treating patients with ASD are correction of their behavior, facilitation of the social interactions and psychological adaptation to the society.
However, recently, more and more attention of scientists and practicing specialists has been attracted by the treatment with stem cells. A child receives highly active stem cells of those areas of the brain, whose function is most affected. Due to the homing effect, the implanted stem cells - the precursors of neurons and neuroglial cells – are fixed in the damaged zones and begin to function actively. Clinically, this is accompanied by a dramatic decrease in the symptoms of ASD, accelerated adaptation of children to the community and the normalization of their social behavior.
With ASD, as a rule, the most often violations are the following areas of the brain: Frontal lobe, Corpus collosum, Temporal lobe, Amygdala, Basal ganglia, and Thalamus. To facilitate the activation of such children, Peripheral muscles and Liver are included in the treatment complex. If auditory problems are detected, Auditory nerve stem cells are also indicated.
Therapy should be conducted by a professional and experienced specialist in communication disorders and cellular technologies. According to many studies, it is very important to start cell treatment as early as possible. The procedures are carried out individually, in accordance with the conclusion of specialists.
In our clinic there is a positive experience of treating patients with ASD for the past 22 years. As a result of treatment, in all clinical observations, complete social and psychological rehabilitation has been achieved. Patients were given the opportunity to study in universities along with their peers, create families and almost completely adapt to normal social life.
Thus, stem cell therapy is a clinically effective, scientifically proven, safe and ethical method for treating children with ASD. Early professional treatment, taking into account the characteristics of a particular patient, increases the effectiveness of such therapy.
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